"When you can measure what you are speaking about, and express it in numbers, you know something about it; but when you cannot express it in numbers, your knowledge is of a meagre and unsatisfactory kind; it may be the beginning of knowledge, but you have scarcely, in your thoughts, advanced to the stage of science, whatever the matter may be."
Lord Kelvin

No public procurement corruption in Hungary? Analysis of the decisions of the Hungarian Courts 2009-2014


This research note examines court orders issued in and after 2009 in Hungary. The aim of the analysis was to identify crimes related to corruption in public procurements in order to inspect the validity of the CRCB’s composite corruption risks indicator. A court order was examined if it met the following criteria: it was issued in 2009 or later, it was about corruption related crimes and it contained the word “közbeszerzés” (“public procurement”), “pályázat” (“tender”) or “tender” (“tender”). However none of the examined 47 court orders contained information on corruption crimes committed in or after 2009 in relation to identifiable public procurements. Hence, based on court documents, it seems that there was no corruption in public procurements in Hungary since 2009. Possible reasons could be the mutual interest of both parties involved in the corruption to keep the crime in secret, the longevity of legal proceedings, and the reduced number of accusations filed by the prosecution along with the increased number of interrupted investigations.

Research note (in English, pdf)

Research note (in Hungarian with English abstract, pdf)

Analysed court judgments (rar, in Hungarian)

Analysed database and spss codes (zip)