"When you can measure what you are speaking about, and express it in numbers, you know something about it; but when you cannot express it in numbers, your knowledge is of a meagre and unsatisfactory kind; it may be the beginning of knowledge, but you have scarcely, in your thoughts, advanced to the stage of science, whatever the matter may be."
Lord Kelvin


A CRCB közleménye az ellene indított perről és a per dokumentumai


2019 szeptember 5.

Az alábbiakban a magyar állam egy intézménye, a Közbeszerzési Hatóság (KH) által egy tudományos műhely (CRCB) ellen indított bírósági eljárás részleteit ismertetjük. A KH, azaz egy állami intézmény, megtámadott egy független kutatóműhelyt egy tudományos publikációja miatt, mert jó hírnevének megsértéseként értelmezte a publikációban alkalmazott módszereket, és a publikációban megfogalmazott, az állami intézményt ért kritikus állításokat. Az ügyhöz hozzátartozik az a kontextus is, amelyben ez az read more

Transparency and Integrity: The Online Presence of Hungarian Municipalities. Analysis of urban municipalities’ websites in Hungary – 2018


11 March 2019

Transparency and Integrity: The Online Presence of Hungarian Municipalities. Analysis of urban municipalities’ websites in Hungary – 2018

Results of a joint research program with Budapest Institute

The transparency of the operation of the local governments and the follow-up of their decision-making process by the citizens are very important to achieve good governance. It is vital that citizens should easily access the data concerning the decisions made by their local governments, the read more

Cronyism in Hungary. Empirical analysis of public tenders 2010-2016

17 September 2018

Istvan Janos Toth and Miklos Hajdu: Cronyism in Hungary. An empirical analysis of public tenders 2010-2016

In this paper, we use the public procurement database which contains data from more than 230,000 public tenders from 1997 to 2017. The analysis is based on data from 126,330 public procurement contracts from 2010 to 2016. The research was supported by the Hungarian National Scientific Fund (OTKA, K116860).   The focus of the analysis is public tenders (without framework agreements) won by companies related to read more

Data publication practices of public procurement authorities around the world – 2018

8 November 2018

The report deals with the results of 2018 CRCB’s survey which focused on the data publication practices of 118 public procurement authorities around the world based on an empirical analysis of their websites. We analyse two main questions: (i) how easily accessible the data of public tenders at contract level are in the analysed websites; (ii) which pieces of information in contract level are accessible in structured and downloaded format. The report describes and evaluates the data read more

Missing Data, Intensity of Competition and Corruption Risks

10 October 2018

Missing Data, Intensity of Competition and Corruption Risks.
Analysis of Contract Award Notices of Hungarian Public Procurement Published from January 2005 to August 2018. Flash Report I/2018, CRCB, Budapest, October 2018.


Report in Hungarian (pdf)
Tables & Figures (pdf, xlsx)
Report in English (pdf)

List of 268,404 analysed contract award notices, with url, date, issuer’s name and filter variable read more

The models of rent seeking and cronyism in the Hungarian energy market

27 April 2018

Istvan Janos Toth – Klara Ungar: The models of rent-seeking and cronyism in the Hungarian energy market.
The analysis of the Hungarian government – MVMP – MET case

In this paper, we analyse a regulatory decision of 2011 made by the Hungarian government as regards the Hungarian energy (gas) market and its developments. Ultimately, this regulation was clearly favourable to a private company (the MET Hungary AG and its successor the METI AG) originally owned by the Hungarian oil, read more

The impact of Russia’s state-run propaganda apparatus on online media in Hungary – 2010–2017

23 March 2018

In this paper, we investigate the impact of Russia’s state-run propaganda apparatus on online media in Hungary using methods drawn from content analysis and distributive semantics. For the analysis, we downloaded articles published between 2010 and 2017 on nine Hungarian-language online portals (888.hu, hidfo.ru, index.hu, lokal.hu, magyaridok.hu, mindenegyben.com, mno.hu, origo.hu, and pestisracok.hu) and collected them in a database. We analysed 1 million articles and more than 278 million words in total. We used read more

Corruption risks, intensity of competition and estimated direct social loss in public procurement of Zagreb – 2011-2016

11 October 2017

The research carried out by CRCB for the CMS is based on the analysis of 5,922 contracts of 4,483 public procurement issued by Grad Zagreb and Zagreb Holding between 2011 and 2016. During the data extraction, we could identify 1,197 winner companies on these tenders which are also the subject of the investigation.

The paper deals with the following questions: (i) What are the tendencies regarding the strength of competition and the corruption risks during the analysed time read more

Refugee Crisis in Hungary – 2015. A Content Analysis of Articles from on-line Version of Eight News Outlets

1 October 2016

The paper explores how the international media dealt with refugee crisis in Hungary between March and September 2015. We selected all articles from The New York Times, The Washington Post, Le Monde, Le Figaro, Mirror, The Telegraph, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung and Süddeutsche Zeitung  which contained the words “Hungary” or “Hungarian” or “migrant” or “migration”. Our sample contains 1,518 news articles. During the analysis we used the technics of quantitative and qualitative read more

Hungarian Municipalities Abide by the Law? Analysis of urban municipalities’ websites in Hungary – 2013-2015

18 July 2016

This report analyses information disclosure practices on 368 Hungarian municipalities’ websites from 2015 and it compares the results with the ones from 2013 with the following focus points:  transparency, accountability, and informing citizens. The analysis is based on the laws regulating information disclosure in Hungary. The report measures the degree to which municipalities’ websites abide by the legal requirements. Transparency and openness are among the most important indices that are read more