"When you can measure what you are speaking about, and express it in numbers, you know something about it; but when you cannot express it in numbers, your knowledge is of a meagre and unsatisfactory kind; it may be the beginning of knowledge, but you have scarcely, in your thoughts, advanced to the stage of science, whatever the matter may be."
Lord Kelvin


Haveri cégek Magyarországon: árbevétel, profit, hozzáadott érték és osztalékfizetés


Tóth, I. J. és Hajdu, M. 2021.  Haveri cégek Magyarországon: árbevétel, profit, hozzáadott érték és osztalékfizetés. Working Paper Series: CRCB-WP/2021:2. Budapest: CRCB.

A tanulmányban 2004 és 2018 között legnagyobb közbeszerzési szerződéseket elnyerő cégek mintáján azt vizsgáljuk, hogy egyes cégtulajdonosoknak a 2010-ben hivatalba lépett magyar miniszterelnökkel és kormánya egyes tagjaival való rokoni vagy baráti kapcsolatai milyen hatással lehettek cégeik read more

Political favoritism in public tenders in Hungary. Analysis of the odds of winning


Tóth I. J. and Hajdu, M. 2021. Political favoritism in public tenders in Hungary. Analysis of the odds of winning. Working Paper Series: CRCB-WP/2021:1. Budapest: CRCB.

The paper investigates the crony system in Hungary based on data of more than 227,000 public tenders from 2005 to 2020. The paper’s novelty is the analysis of odds of winning of crony and ordinary companies in public procurement that is a new approach to measure the strength of political favoritism and read more

Tesztelés, politikai korrupció és Covid-19 halálozás

2021. június 8.

Tóth I. J. 2021. Tesztelés, politikai korrupció és Covid-19 halálozás. [Testing, political corruption and Covid-19 mortality. ] CRCB Research Notes: 2021:2, Budapest: CRCB. https://bit.ly/3cqeHsn


The paper deals with the impact of political (grand) corruption and government measures against the pandemic on the Covid-19 mortality rate using data of EU27 and OECD countries. The share of the positive tests within all tests is considered an indicator of government measures’ impact. We use the data of the World Bank and Our World in Data. The political corruption is measured by the 2019 data of the WEF EOS read more

Data Concealment and Mortality in Covid-19 Pandemic. An Illustrative Figure and a Hypothesis

April 29, 2021

Public information provision by the government is essential to create trust in the government and government decisions, especially in the Covid-19 pandemic, when citizens’ compliance to the government measures is essential to curb the epidemy. On the other hand, the public information provided by the government supports that the government decisions on pandemic based on experts’ opinion, well-founded evidence, and analysis.

Therefore, it is worth analyzing how governments’ read more