"When you can measure what you are speaking about, and express it in numbers, you know something about it; but when you cannot express it in numbers, your knowledge is of a meagre and unsatisfactory kind; it may be the beginning of knowledge, but you have scarcely, in your thoughts, advanced to the stage of science, whatever the matter may be."
Lord Kelvin

Publications

Cronyism in Hungary. Empirical analysis of public tenders 2010-2016

17 September 2018

Istvan Janos Toth and Miklos Hajdu: Cronyism in Hungary. An empirical analysis of public tenders 2010-2016

In this paper, we use the public procurement database which contains data from more than 230,000 public tenders from 1997 to 2017. The analysis is based on data from 126,330 public procurement contracts from 2010 to 2016. The research was supported by the Hungarian National Scientific Fund (OTKA, K116860).   The focus of the analysis is public tenders (without framework agreements) won by companies related to read more

Data publication practices of public procurement authorities around the world – 2018

8 November 2018

The report deals with the results of 2018 CRCB’s survey which focused on the data publication practices of 118 public procurement authorities around the world based on an empirical analysis of their websites. We analyse two main questions: (i) how easily accessible the data of public tenders at contract level are in the analysed websites; (ii) which pieces of information in contract level are accessible in structured and downloaded format. The report describes and evaluates the data read more

Missing Data, Intensity of Competition and Corruption Risks

10 October 2018

Missing Data, Intensity of Competition and Corruption Risks.
Analysis of Contract Award Notices of Hungarian Public Procurement Published from January 2005 to August 2018. Flash Report I/2018, CRCB, Budapest, October 2018.

 

Report in Hungarian (pdf)
Tables & Figures (pdf, xlsx)
Report in English (pdf)

List of 268,404 analysed contract award notices, with url, date, issuer’s name and filter variable read more

The intensity of competition, corruption risks, and the winner companies

5 July 2018

Istvan Janos Toth – Miklos Hajdu: The Intensity of competition, corruption risks, and the winner companies.  Analysis of public procurement of a European capital 2011-2016. CRCB, Budapest, July 5, 2018.

The paper in Hungarian  (pdf)

Database in Stata format (dta)

Stata do file read more

The models of rent seeking and cronyism in the Hungarian energy market

27 April 2018

Istvan Janos Toth – Klara Ungar: The models of rent-seeking and cronyism in the Hungarian energy market.
The analysis of the Hungarian government – MVMP – MET case

In this paper, we analyse a regulatory decision of 2011 made by the Hungarian government as regards the Hungarian energy (gas) market and its developments. Ultimately, this regulation was clearly favourable to a private company (the MET Hungary AG and its successor the METI AG) originally owned by the Hungarian oil, read more

The impact of Russia’s state-run propaganda apparatus on online media in Hungary – 2010–2017

23 March 2018

In this paper, we investigate the impact of Russia’s state-run propaganda apparatus on online media in Hungary using methods drawn from content analysis and distributive semantics. For the analysis, we downloaded articles published between 2010 and 2017 on nine Hungarian-language online portals (888.hu, hidfo.ru, index.hu, lokal.hu, magyaridok.hu, mindenegyben.com, mno.hu, origo.hu, and pestisracok.hu) and collected them in a database. We analysed 1 million articles and more than 278 million words in total. We used read more

Cronyism in Hungary. Empirical analysis of public tenders 2010-2016

21 February 2018.

Presentation at the conference “János Kornai 90th birthday ” at Corvinus University of Budapest, Budapest,
21-22 February 2018

Abstract

In this paper, we use the public procurement database which contains data from more than 230,000 public tenders from 1997 to 2017. The analysis is based on data from 126,330 public procurement contracts from 2010 to 2016. The focus of the analysis is public tenders (without framework agreements) won by companies related to cronies and read more

Bangladesh, Zambia and Hungary. Data publication practice of the Hungarian Public Procurement Authority

19 February 2018

THE HUNGARIAN PUBLIC PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY (HPPA) DID FILE A LAWSUIT IN 19 NOVEMBER 2018 AGAINST THE CRCB FOR HARMING HPPA’s REPUTATION IN THIS RESEARCH NOTE.

ACCORDING  TO THE INJUCTION OF THE BUDAPEST CAPITAL COURT (22.P.23.829/2018/5.)  WE HAD TO REMOVE THIS PAPER FROM OUR WEBSITE. THE STATEMENTS MADE IN THE ABSTRACT WERE THEREFORE ALSO TRUNCATED.

In this research note we briefly analyse the data publication standard used by the Hungarian Public Procurement read more