Tag Archives: Hungary

Cronyism in Hungary. Empirical analysis of public tenders 2010-2016

February 21, 2018.

Presentation at the conference “János Kornai 90th birthday ” in Corvinus University of Budapest, Budapest,
February 21-22,  2018


In this paper, we use the public procurement database built by CRCB, which contains data from more than 230,000 public tenders from 1997 to 2017. The analysis is based on data from 126,330 public procurement contracts from 2010 to 2016. The focus of the analysis is public tenders (without framework agreements) won by companies read more


February 13th 2018

One of the aims of CRCB is to improve the trancparency of the Hungarian public procurement and to help the researchers, the journalists and other stakeholders have access to public procurement data. Accordingly, we decided to make a part of uncleaned version of public procurement database built by CRCB accessibe and publish some main indicators of public tenders: publication date, name of issuer, name of winner, contract value, number of bidders, and the links of tenders on the Hungarian Public read more

Public tenders of Hungarian hospitals on the standard dissection table of the economic analysis

January 24th 2018

István János Tóth – Miklós Hajdu: Public tenders of Hungarian hospitals on the standard dissection table of the economic analysis. Analysis of intensity of competition, corruption risks and price distortion of Hungarian public procurement. Budapest: CRCB, January, 2018.


In the following short paper, we analyse the contracts of a Hungarian EU-funded programme (KEOP – 5.6.0/E/15) involved in an ongoing investigation of the Hungarian Competition Authority (HCA). The investigation was started for suspect of collusion and among the suspects involved are both Hungarian owned firms and read more

Brief analysis on the cronyism in Hungary

December 24th 2017

Before the issuers publish their calls for tenders, they have to calculate the estimated price of the procurement. This calculation can be based on their experience from previous tenders and on the results of market research.  The price drop between the estimated value and the actual contract price can be regarded as a proxy for measure the intensity of competition. The higher competition between the bidders will result in more intense price competition what should lead to lower read more


Tóth, István János – Hajdu, Miklós: Intensity of Competition, Corruption Risks and Price Distortion in the Hungarian Public Procurement – 2009-2016. Working Paper Series: CRCB-WP/2017:2, CRCB, Budapest.

The report was carried out by CRCB for the European Commission and examines data from Hungarian public procurement in the period between 2009 and 2016. The data of 151,457 contracts were used for the analysis. The analysis focuses on information regarding the intensity of competition, price read more


Tóth, István János – Hajdu, Miklós: Versenyerősség, társadalmi veszteségek és a 25 millió forintos értékhatár rejtélye. 2009-2016 közötti magyar közbeszerzések statisztikai vizsgálata / Intensity of competition, social loss and the enigma of 25 million HUF threshold. Statistical analysis of Hungarian public procurement in the period of 2009-2016. Working Paper Series: CRCB-WP/2017:1, CRCB, Budapest.

In this paper, we present evidence on some unwanted and unexpected effects of the regulation of thresholds in Hungarian public procurement. The change of Hungarian Public Procurement Law in 2011 (Act no. read more

Competitive intensity and family business

May 30th 2017

In these short papers we analyse the effect of friendship and family ties with the Hungarian Prime Minister (Viktor Orban) on the competitive intensity of public tenders won by companies owned by his close friends and family members. The analysis is based on more than 151,000 Hungarian public procurement tenders in the period of 2009-2016. Using OLS and ordered logit estimations, we estimate the effect of the friendship and family ties on the competitive intensity of tenders. The results point read more


May 10th 2017

Corruption risk demonstrates a deterioration in public spending. Transparency and publishing the list of tenders with highest corruption risks is a tool to fight against future corrupt activities.

The data reported/published here by CRCB aim to provide significant information by sharing all important elementary data of tenders with highest corruption risks in Hungary for the period 2010-2016 in a well-structured format. The source of information was the Hungarian government website read more

Refugee Crisis in Hungary – 2015. A Content Analysis of Articles from on-line Version of Eight News Outlets

October 1st 2016

The paper explores how the international media dealt with refugee crisis in Hungary between March and September 2015. We selected all articles from The New York Times, The Washington Post, Le Monde, Le Figaro, Mirror, The Telegraph, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung and Süddeutsche Zeitung  which contained the words “Hungary” or “Hungarian” or “migrant” or “migration”. Our sample contains 1,518 news articles. During the analysis we used the technics of quantitative and qualitative read more

Impact Assessments, Public Consultation and Legislation in Hungary 2011-2014


This paper explores important characteristics of the Hungarian legislation from 2011 to 2014 through publicly accessible online administrative data. Our focus is on comparing the 2011-2014 period to former years. The CRCB published its first analysis in 2014, which examined the quality of the Hungarian legislation. Our report for 2015  is not a simple repetition and update. Compared to last year’s report we extended and deepened our analysis in several areas. We not only analyse the read more