27 April 2018
Istvan Janos Toth – Klara Ungar: The models of rent-seeking and cronyism in the Hungarian energy market.
The analysis of the Hungarian government – MVMP – MET case
In this paper, we analyse a regulatory decision of 2011 made by the Hungarian government as regards the Hungarian energy (gas) market and its developments. Ultimately, this regulation was clearly favourable to a private company (the MET Hungary AG and its successor the METI AG) originally owned by the Hungarian oil, read more
11 May 2018
Presentation in the POLTEXT Incubator Workshop in Hungarian Academy of Science (pdf)
8 May 2018
Presentation in Hungarian in an event organised by the MENSA Hungary (pdf)
12 April 2018
Presentation in Hungarian the Budapest Science Meetup (pdf , read more
23 March 2018
In this paper, we investigate the impact of Russia’s state-run propaganda apparatus on online media in Hungary using methods drawn from content analysis and distributive semantics. For the analysis, we downloaded articles published between 2010 and 2017 on nine Hungarian-language online portals (888.hu, hidfo.ru, index.hu, lokal.hu, magyaridok.hu, mindenegyben.com, mno.hu, origo.hu, and pestisracok.hu) and collected them in a database. We analysed 1 million articles and more than 278 million words in total. We used read more
21 February 2018.
Presentation at the conference “János Kornai 90th birthday ” at Corvinus University of Budapest, Budapest,
21-22 February 2018
In this paper, we use the public procurement database which contains data from more than 230,000 public tenders from 1997 to 2017. The analysis is based on data from 126,330 public procurement contracts from 2010 to 2016. The focus of the analysis is public tenders (without framework agreements) won by companies related to cronies and read more
13 February 2018
One of the aims of CRCB is to improve the transparency of the Hungarian public procurement and to help the researchers, the journalists and other stakeholders have access to public procurement data. Accordingly, we decided to make a part of uncleaned version of public procurement database built by CRCB accessible and publish some main indicators of public tenders: publication date, name of issuer, name of winner, contract value, number of bidders, and the links of tenders on the Hungarian Public read more
24 January 2018
István János Tóth – Miklós Hajdu: Public tenders of Hungarian hospitals on the standard dissection table of the economic analysis. Analysis of intensity of competition, corruption risks and price distortion of Hungarian public procurement. Budapest: CRCB, January, 2018.
In the following short paper, we analyse the contracts of a Hungarian EU-funded programme (KEOP – 5.6.0/E/15) involved in an ongoing investigation of the Hungarian Competition Authority (HCA). The investigation was started for suspect of collusion and among the suspects involved are both Hungarian owned firms and read more
24 December 2017
Before the issuers publish their calls for tenders, they have to calculate the estimated price of the procurement. This calculation can be based on their experience from previous tenders and on the results of market research. The price drop between the estimated value and the actual contract price can be regarded as a proxy for measure the intensity of competition. The higher competition between the bidders will result in more intense price competition what should lead to lower read more
29 December 2017
Tóth, István János – Hajdu, Miklós: Intensity of Competition, Corruption Risks, and Price Distortion in the Hungarian Public Procurement – 2009-2016. Working Paper Series: CRCB-WP/2017:2, CRCB, Budapest.
The report was carried out by CRCB for the European Commission and examines data from Hungarian public procurement in the period between 2009 and 2016. The data of 151,457 contracts were used for the analysis. The analysis focuses on information regarding the intensity of read more
September 27, 2017
Tóth, István János – Hajdu, Miklós: Versenyerősség, társadalmi veszteségek és a 25 millió forintos értékhatár rejtélye. 2009-2016 közötti magyar közbeszerzések statisztikai vizsgálata / Intensity of competition, social loss and the enigma of 25 million HUF threshold. Statistical analysis of Hungarian public procurement in the period of 2009-2016. Working Paper Series: CRCB-WP/2017:1, CRCB, Budapest.
In this paper, we present evidence on some unwanted and unexpected effects of the regulation of thresholds in Hungarian public procurement. The change of Hungarian read more
30 May 2017
In these short papers we analyse the effect of friendship and family ties with the Hungarian Prime Minister (Viktor Orban) on the competitive intensity of public tenders won by companies owned by his close friends and family members. The analysis is based on more than 151,000 Hungarian public procurement tenders in the period of 2009-2016. Using OLS and ordered logit estimations, we estimate the effect of the friendship and family ties on the competitive intensity of tenders. The results point out read more