"When you can measure what you are speaking about, and express it in numbers, you know something about it; but when you cannot express it in numbers, your knowledge is of a meagre and unsatisfactory kind; it may be the beginning of knowledge, but you have scarcely, in your thoughts, advanced to the stage of science, whatever the matter may be."
Lord Kelvin

Short Papers

Tesztelés, politikai korrupció és Covid-19 halálozás

2021. június 8.

Tóth I. J. 2021. Tesztelés, politikai korrupció és Covid-19 halálozás. [Testing, political corruption and Covid-19 mortality. ] CRCB Research Notes: 2021:2, Budapest: CRCB. https://bit.ly/3cqeHsn


The paper deals with the impact of political (grand) corruption and government measures against the pandemic on the Covid-19 mortality rate using data of EU27 and OECD countries. The share of the positive tests within all tests is considered an indicator of government measures’ impact. We use the data of the World Bank and Our World in Data. The political corruption is measured by the 2019 data of the WEF read more

Data Concealment and Mortality in Covid-19 Pandemic. An Illustrative Figure and a Hypothesis

April 29, 2021

Public information provision by the government is essential to create trust in the government and government decisions, especially in the Covid-19 pandemic, when citizens’ compliance to the government measures is essential to curb the epidemy. On the other hand, the public information provided by the government supports that the government decisions on pandemic based on experts’ opinion, well-founded evidence, and analysis.

Therefore, it is worth analyzing how governments’ read more

New Trends in Corruption Risks and Intensity of Competition in the Hungarian Public Procurement


May 26, 2020
New Trends in Corruption Risk and Intensity of Competition in the Hungarian Public Procurement from January 2005 to April 2020. Flash Report 2020:1. Budapest: CRCB 
This report examines Hungarian public procurement data in the period between 2005 and 2020. Data from 248,404 contracts were used for the analysis, which focuses on information about corruption risk, the intensity of competition and political favouritism.

The results show that in the first four months of 2020, corruption risk in Hungarian read more

Intézményi reformok és intézményi minőség

2019 október 23.

Tóth István János. 2019. Intézményi reformok és intézményi minőség. Közbeszerzési hatóságok adatközlési gyakorlatának empirikus elemzése. CRCB Short Papers 2019: 1. Budapest: CRCB.


In this study, we analyze the data disclosure quality of public procurement authorities concerning public tenders in 112 countries based on an empirical survey from 2018 conducted by the Corruption Research Center Budapest. We examine how data disclosure practices are read more

Palkovics László 2018. június – 2019. február közötti megszólalásainak tartalomelemzése


2019. március 19.
Tóth István János, Nyírő Zsanna. 2019. Palkovics László 2018. június és 2019. február közötti megszólalásainak tartalomelemzése. 2019. március 19. Budapest: CRCB.
A tanulmányban kvantitatív és kvalitatív tartalomelemzés eszközeivel a sajtóban megjelent nyilatkozatok, tudósítások alapján elemezzük az MTA és a kormány közötti vitában Palkovics László ITM miniszter megszólalásait. Ehhez több mint 100.000 cikkből választottuk ki azokat, amelyek az MTA és a kormány konfliktusával foglalkoztak 2018. június 1. -2019. február 9. read more

The EU funds, Viktor Orbán, and Lőrinc Mészáros, the Hungarian gas fitter: four graphs

8 March 2019


CRCB. 2019. The EU funds, Viktor Orbán and the performance of firms owned by Lőrinc Mészáros, the Hungarian gas fitter, in the Hungarian public tenders 2005-2018. Budapest: CRCB.

Based on the empirical analysis of the Hungarian public tenders we pointed out  that the EU funding has perverse effects in Hungary: it helps to reduce the intensity of competition, to increase the level of corruption risk and the weight of price distortion, and it generated the growth of the estimated direct social loss due to weak competition and high level of corruption risks from 2009 to 2016. The analysis on public tenders won by companies related read more

An explanatory model on the reorganization of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and on the expropriation of its research institutes

May 30 2019

CRCB. 2019. An explanatory model on the reorganization of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and on the expropriation of its research institutes. May 30 2019. CRCB Research Notes: 2019:6, Budapest: CRCB.

This short analysis deals with a possible interpretation scheme of the real objectives of the Hungarian government with the forced transformation of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS) and the destitution of the network of its research institutes in 14 points. With this analysis the read more

The intensity of competition, corruption risks, and the winner companies

5 July 2018

Istvan Janos Toth – Miklos Hajdu: The Intensity of competition, corruption risks, and the winner companies.  Analysis of public procurement of a European capital 2011-2016. CRCB, Budapest, July 5, 2018.

The paper in Hungarian  (pdf)

Database in Stata format (dta)

Stata do file read more